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Targets for the Introduction of Biofuels in the Philippines

Targets for the Introduction of Biofuels in the Philippines

The Philippines is a country with an abundance of geothermal and biomass resources. As shown in Fig. 1, renewable energies (including hydropower) accounted for approximately 40% of its primary energy supplies in 2010. In its National Renewable Energy Program the Philippines government has set forth the plan of working to roughly triple its 2010-levels of renewable energies by 2030 (Fig. 2).

The government, which is dependent on imports for almost the entirety of its oil, is also being proactive about adopting biofuels. It has mandated the use of gasoline with 1% biodiesel intermixed (B1) since 2007 and with 2% biodiesel intermixed (B2) since 2009, as well as gasoline with 5% bioethanol intermixed (E5) since 2009 and with 10% bioethanol intermixed (E10) since 2011.

Moreover, as indicated in Table 1 as part of its National Biofuels Program 2013 - 2030 it plans to mandate the use of fuel with 20% biodiesel (B20) and gasoline with 20% bioethanol (E20) intermixed in the year 2025.

When it comes to biodiesel, the country currently has sufficient capacity to supply the palm oil (coconut oil) produced in abundance within the country for the raw materials, and so its production is commensurate with demand (Fig. 3). However, for bioethanol, of which the main raw material is sugarcane, it has insufficient domestic supplies for reasons such as its inadequate production capacity, and so therefore it has been meeting the demand for this with imports (Fig. 4).

For this reason it is advancing plans to build plants to manufacture bioethanol, while also promoting research on manufacturing bioethanol from cellulosic biomass.

 

Fig. 1.  Primary energy supplies in the Philippines (2010)
Fig. 1.  Primary energy supplies in the Philippines (2010)
Source: Created from the Philippine Energy Sector
http://www.doe.gov.ph/microsites/ipo%20web/linked%20files/2011/VEF/2.PDF

 

Fig. 2.  Targets for the introduction of renewable energies in the Philippines
Fig. 2.  Targets for the introduction of renewable energies in the Philippines
Source: Created from the National Renewable Energy Program
http://www.doe.gov.ph/microsites/nrep/index.php?opt=home

 

Table 1.  Targets for the introduction of biofuels in the Philippines (mandating the use of mixed fuels)

Year 2012 2013-2015 2016 2020 2025
Bioethanol E10 E10 E10 E10 E20
Biodiesel B2 B5 B5 B10 B20

Source: Created from Philippines Biofuels Annual 2013
http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Biofuels%20Annual_Manila_Philippines_7-10-2013.pdf

 

Fig. 3.  Demand for and supply of biodiesel in the Philippines
Fig. 3.  Demand for and supply of biodiesel in the Philippines
Source: Created from Philippines Biofuels Annual 2013
http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Biofuels%20Annual_Manila_Philippines_7-10-2013.pdf

 

Fig. 4.  Demand for and supply of bioethanol in the Philippines
Fig. 4.  Demand for and supply of bioethanol in the Philippines
Source: Created from Philippines Biofuels Annual 2013
http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Biofuels%20Annual_Manila_Philippines_7-10-2013.pdf

 

Source:
• APEC ENERGY OVERVIEW 2012
http://aperc.ieej.or.jp/file/2013/6/28/APEC_Energy_Overview_2012.pdf
• The Philippine Energy Sector
http://www.doe.gov.ph/microsites/ipo%20web/linked%20files/2011/VEF/2.PDF
• PHILIPPINE ALTERNATIVE FUELS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM FOR TRANSPORT
http://www.egnret.ewg.apec.org/meetings/egnret36/EP5-EGNRET%2036-%20Philippine%20Presentation.pdf
• DOE (Energy Sector Accomplishment Report 2012)
http://www.doe.gov.ph/doe_files/pdf/Transparency_Seal/Annual%20Report%20-%202012%20DOE%20Accomplishments.pdf
• National Renewable Energy Program
http://www.doe.gov.ph/microsites/nrep/index.php?opt=home
• DOE (Biodiesel)
http://www.doe.gov.ph/energy-resources-alternative-fuels/biofuels/biodiesel
• DOE (Bioethanol)
http://www.doe.gov.ph/energy-resources-alternative-fuels/biofuels/bioethanol
• Philippine Information Agency
http://r08.pia.gov.ph/index.php?article=1141376371182
• Philippines Biofuels Annual 2013
http://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Biofuels%20Annual_Manila_Philippines_7-10-2013.pdf

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