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Status for Renewable Energies in Myanmar

Status for Renewable Energies in Myanmar

Myanmar's installed capacity for power generation is approximately 3,344MW, yet its electrification rate is extremely low at 27% and progress has not been seen with industrialization. There are many unelectrified villages, and so a goal has been established to increase the 3,152 electrified villages as of 2012 to 5,419 in 2016. Those villages that have not been electrified have used firewood since long ago, meaning that they are a contributing factor behind the decrease in forests. What is more, since there is a shortage of power distribution lines, there are high hopes for renewable energies that will be generated and consumed within local regions.

As shown in Fig. 1, the installed capacity for the generation of renewable energies is currently about 4.5%. These renewable energies mainly consist of 115MW of biomass power and 34MW of small-scale hydroelectric power, with little progress seen yet with solar power (0.7MW) or wind power (0.14MW). As a member of ASEAN, Myanmar has raised the objective of having renewable energies account for 15% of energy by 2015, which was stipulated in Myanmar's introduction plan as shown in Fig. 2.

In light of the circumstances, Green Earth Power Co., Ltd. of Thailand has concluded a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Ministry of Energy regarding the construction of a 210MW solar power plant which, if realized, would achieve Myanmar's plans for introducing renewable energies ahead of schedule. Furthermore, with respect to solar power development, Japan's Panasonic Corporation will donate 3,000 solar lamps to rural areas in which electrification is lagging behind to contribute to bettering the lives of people who lack lighting at nighttime.

 

Fig. 1.  Cumulative installed capacity for power generation in 2011
Fig. 1.  Cumulative installed capacity for power generation in 2011
Source: Myanmar 2nd forum, Green economy green growth
Created from “Myanmar’s Future Potential”

 

Fig. 2.  Plans to introduce renewable energies
Fig. 2.  Plans to introduce renewable energies
Source: Myanmar 2nd forum, Green economy green growth
Created from “Myanmar’s Future Potential”

 

Reference literature:
• Green Economy Green Growth Myanmar 2nd Forum materials
• Bangkok Post
http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/news/348352/gep-wants-partners-for-its-210-mw-myanmar-solar-plant
• Myanmar Times
• Japan Institute for Overseas Investment homepage
Myanmar's Energy Sector and Financial Sector
https://www.joi.or.jp/modules/report/index.php?content_id=6

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