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China Will Use 12 Million Tons of Biofuel as Aircraft Fuel by 2020

China Will Use 12 Million Tons of Biofuel as Aircraft Fuel by 2020

In August 2012 the National Energy Administration of China announced its 12th Five-Year (2011 – 2015) Plan for the Development of Renewable Energies. Its annual consumption target for renewable energies for 2015 is 478 million tons (carbon equipment) of which the amount of biomass energy that will be uses is will be 50 million tons. When it comes to biofuels, it has set up usage targets of 3.5 million tons for bioethanol and 1.5 million tons for biodiesel fuel.

With regard to the use of biofuels for aircraft, in May 2012 the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) announced that the consumption of jet fuel for aircraft in China is currently 20 million tons, with this to reach 40 million tons by 2020, and that it plans to use biofuels for 12 million tons (30%) of this. The CAAC has stated that only biofuels can offer solutions to both this substantial increase in jet fuel consumption and its environmental measures.

A test flight using biofuel carried out in October 2011 on an Air China Boeing 747 has proven its viability. The Chinese oil company PetroChina supplied Air China with 15 tons of biofuel made from jatropha oil for the test flight. What is more, PetroChina also has plans to build a plant to manufacture 60,000 tons of biofuel each year (jet fuel made from jatropha) by 2014.

Developments are also proceeding apace for using waste cooking oil and seaweed as raw materials for biofuels.

  • Airbus, which is an aircraft manufacturer with its headquarters located in Toulouse, France, has partnered with Tsinghua University in China to jointly perform a Sustainability Assessment on aviation biofuel made from waste cooking oil in order to promote the commercial production of biofuel (announced in August 2012).
  • The Boeing Company, which is the world’s largest aircraft manufacturer, jointly established a research laboratory for making biofuel from waste cooking oil in Beijing together with the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (COMAC) in August 2012.

Biofuels made from waste cooking oil can be produced sustainably, with 29 million tons of cooking oil consumed within China each year. There are high hopes for aviation biofuel made from cooking oil from the standpoint of reusing waste.

 

Fig. China’s targets for the use of biofuels in 2015 (carbon equivalent)
Fig.  China’s targets for the use of biofuels in 2015 (carbon equivalent)
(Bio jet fuel is included in with biodiesel)
(Source: 12th Five-Year Plan (2011 – 2015) for the Development of Renewable Energies
http://www.tepia.co.jp/image/tepia_monthly/tepia-monthly20120911.pdf)

 

Fig. Jet fuel consumption in China
Fig.  Jet fuel consumption in China
(Source: http://www.greenaironline.com/news.php?viewStory=1432 )

 

Source:
• Tepia Corporation Japan Co., Ltd. Monthly Report (August)
(http://www.tepia.co.jp/image/tepia_monthly/tepia-monthly20120911.pdf)
• http://www.waste-management-world.com/index/display/article-display/1217715453/articles/waste-management-world/waste-to-energy/2012/08/Boeing_to_Refine_Waste_Cooking_Oil_into_Biofuel_in_China.html
• http://www.waste-management-world.com/index/display/article-display/5128285978/articles/waste-management-world/waste-to-energy/2012/08/Airbus_Partnership_to_Develop_Biofuels_from_Waste_Cooking_Oil_in_China_.html
• http://www.greenaironline.com/news.php?viewStory=1432
et. al.

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