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The Philippines Has Agricultural Biomass Resources of 13.01 Million Tons Per Year

The Philippines Has Agricultural Biomass Resources of 13.01 Million Tons Per Year

The Philippine government has been putting its efforts into developing renewable energy in order to boost its energy self-sufficiency ratio and improve its energy security. The Department of Energy (DOE) has been tasked with this duty, and has laid out the sizable target of doubling the country’s installed capacity for renewable energy over the ten-year period from 2005 to 2014.

Of the types of renewable energies, biomass has been garnering particular attention. The Philippines is an agricultural country in which 40% of the total population is engaged in primary industry. Its major agricultural products include coconuts, rice, maize, and sugarcane, with their respective production outputs for 2009 coming in at 15.67, 16.27, 7.03, and 22.93 million tons. In particular, it boasts the world’s second highest output for coconuts and its eighth largest output for rice.

The yearly agricultural biomass given off from these grains and fruits amount to a total of 13.01 million tons, with 4.7 million tons from coconut shells, 3.25 million tons from rice husks, 1.62 million tons from maizecobs, and 3.44 million tons from strained sugarcane lees (bagasse), giving it an enormous abundance of biomass resources.

A project to generate electricity by using agricultural waste was publicly announced in October 2011. EcoMarket Solutions, Inc. (EMS) from the Philippines announced that the company would begin operating a 2MW biomass power plant in Aurora within the year. It went on to add that the district in which the plant will be installed is currently only able to use four hours of electricity per day, but that the plant will be able to supply electricity 24 hours a day to 250 households by means of biomass power generation. Biomass power generation plays a major role in supplying rural areas with electricity.

 

Table. Production outputs for major grains and fruits in the Philippines (2009)

Grains/fruits Production output
(10,000 tons)
World rank for production output
Coconuts 1,567 2nd place
Rice 1,627 8th place
Maize 703 16th place
Sugarcane 2,293 12th place

Source: http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=567#ancor

 

Table. Production output for agricultural biomass

Biomass Amount generated
(10,000 tons)
Coconut shells 470
Rice husks 325
Maizecobs 162
Bagasse 344
Total 1,301

Source: Calculations from the production output for grains and fruits
(the biomass generation rate is 30% for coconut shells, 20% for rice husks,
23% for corncobs, and 15% for bagasse)

 

Fig. Production outputs for major grains and fruits in the Philippines (2009)
Fig.  Production outputs for major grains and fruits in the Philippines (2009)

 

Fig. Production output for agricultural biomass
Fig.  Production output for agricultural biomass

 

Fig. Aurora, where the biomass power plant will be built
Fig.  Aurora, where the biomass power plant will be built

 

Source:
http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=567#ancor

http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=738128&publicationSubCategoryId=66

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